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What does land mean?

Part of a territory with defined boundaries, according to an act of ownership. Each land property has a unique for the country cadastral identification number. It can be checked on the site of to the Registry Agency. Another useful online tool is

When is a plot of land regulated?

“Regulated land property” (RLE) or “regulated property” is a land property for which an approved detailed development plan has entered into force.

It should specify:

  • borders, access from a street, road or alley;
  • specific purpose;
  • an indicator for the area of ​​the required land (or the area of ​​the land property) for a respective site;
  • indicator for density (percentage) of construction of the regulated land property (P built-up);
  • indicator for intensity of construction of the regulated land property (K int.);
  • indicator for percentage of landscaping of the regulated land property (P landscaping).


According to their purpose, the regulated land properties in the settlements are envisaged as:

  • residential;
  • за обществено ползване;
  • serving;
  • production;
  • warehouses;
  • resort;
  • villas;
  • sports;
  • recreational;
  • with entertainment functions;
  • for parks and gardens;
  • for traffic and transport and others.

When is a land property unregulated?

Unregulated land is a property that is not regulated by a detailed development plan (DDP). Such properties allow a small percentage of construction regulated in ORDINANCE № 2 OF APRIL 10, 1998 ON DEVELOPMENT IN AGRICULTURAL LAND .


What is the concept of total built-up area?

This is the sum of the built-up areas on all floors. The total built-up area does not include economic areas (warehouses for personal use, attics and basements, studios and their adjacent corridors, stairs and those for general use - garbage pipes, subscriber stations, boiler rooms, etc.). The total built-up area includes the entire areas of balconies, loggias and terraces in the above-ground floors, measured by their external outlines, as well as the built-up areas in the attic spaces of the buildings, when there are no attic storage rooms.

What is building density?

Represents the ratio between the sum of the built-up areas of the main and additional construction in relation to the total area of ​​the regulated land property. Building density is presented as a percentage. This indicator can be determined for a neighborhood, development territory or zone, as well as for individual properties.


 What is the built-up area in a regulated plot of land?

The built-up area is considered to be the step of the building at elevation zero along the external outlines of the enclosing walls. It deducts the area of ​​the ventilation shafts and the passages in these outlines. The built-up area does not include the bidding above the plinth of the buildings, terraces, external stairs and stair landings, swimming pools, ramps, garages and other elements up to 1.2 m high from the average level of the adjacent terrain.


What are ideal / common parts of the building?

The ideal parts of a building are areas that are designed for common use by all owners of the property / building.

The common parts of condominium buildings (Art. 38, para. 1 of the Property Act) are:

The land on which the building is built, the yard;
Foundations and external enclosing walls;
Partition walls between dwellings;
Horizontal and vertical communications (stairs and landings to them);
The mezzanines, the elevator shaft, etc.);
The roof, when not divided into separate warehouses or other premises;
The porter's lodge, the subscriber stations and the premises for civil protection;
The external entrance doors of the building and the doors to the common attics and basements;
The main lines of all types of installations and their central installations;
Everything that by its nature serves public use.


Author: Dr. Eng. Teodor Todorov